And when they shall be converted (98) Here he expressly declares that he did not send the Prophet because he intended to save the people; but, on the contrary, because he intended to destroy them. 98) mentions a son of the Great Mogul who was thus punished by his father. His freedom was not complete; human freedom never is. God, however, out of His mere good pleasure did choose them and ordain them to life eternal, and when the blessed gospel was heard by them, they were given a heart that was then willing and able to hear and to respond. Of such a fat heart beware. . 137, 3), "and one heal it," i.e., "and it be healed:" and it is in accordance with this sense that it is paraphrased in Mark 4:12, whereas in the three other passages in which the words are quoted in the New Testament (viz., Matthew, John, and Acts) the Septuagint rendering is adopted, "and I should heal them" (God Himself being taken as the subject). The Apostle John quoted this verse (and Isaiah 53:1) in reference to the Jews" inability in Jesus" day to believe on Him ( John 12:40). That is, go and proclaim such “truth” to them as shall have this effect - as shall irritate, provoke, enrage them; truth, whose delivery shall be attended, in their gross and corrupt hearts, with this blinding and infatuating influence the effect would be produced by the corrupt state of their hearts, not by any native tendency of the truth, and still less by any direct divine influence. this chapter immediately follows and precedes examples of wrong reaction to God"s word [ Isaiah 5:24; Isaiah 7:10-12]." It is undoubtedly true, that when we are drawn inwardly, (John 6:44,) it is an extraordinary gift of God, and that the arm of God is not revealed to all, (Isaiah 53:1;) but by this dreadful punishment of obstinate malice, Isaiah intended to teach, that we ought earnestly to beware of despising when God calls. 6. As dim-sighted people cannot blame the sun for dazzling their eyes with its brightness; and those whose hearing is weak cannot complain of a clear and loud voice which the defect of their ears hinders them from hearing; and, lastly, a man of weak intellect cannot find fault with the difficulty of a subject which he is unable to understand; so ungodly men have no right to blame the word for making them worse after having heard it. “For when we in our viciousness grow hard, Oh, misery on’t, the wise gods seal our eyes.”. Lord--here Adonai, Jehovah in Isaiah 6:5; Jesus Christ is meant as speaking in Isaiah 6:10, according to John 12:41. 10. Barnes's Isaiah 6:10 Bible Commentary Make the heart - The word "heart" here is used in the sense of the "mind" - to denote all their mental powers. From this it is evident, as we formerly said, that Christ was that God who filled the whole earth with his majesty. 270.) But they are doubly wicked when they not only do not apply to their proper use, but wickedly corrupt and profane, those gifts which God had bestowed on them. It is commonly used in this sense in the Scriptures. Shut their eyes.—Literally, as in Isaiah 29:10, daub, or besmear. Hence arises a most excellent and altogether invaluable consolation to godly teachers, for supporting their minds against those grievous offenses which daily spring from the obstinacy of men, that, instead of being retarded by it, they may persevere in their duty with unshaken firmness. Those hearts which formerly were of brass or iron ought to be softened by it; how then is it possible that it can harden them, as I have already observed? 7 And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. This making of their hearts fat is here ascribed to the prophet, as it is ascribed to God in the repetition of this prophecy, John 12:40, because God inflicted this judgment upon them by the ministry of the prophet, partly by way of prediction, foretelling that this would be the effect of his preaching; and partly by way of judicial operation, withdrawing the light and help of his Spirit, and giving them up to the power and arts of Satan, and to their own mistakes and lusts, whereby they are easily and commonly led to turn God’s word, as they do other things, into occasions of sin. 2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. Accordingly, the demonstrative particle הנה, (hinneh,) behold, is emphatic, and implies that the people whom the Lord had peculiarly chosen for himself do not hear the word, and shut their eyes amidst the clearest light. We wonder how it is possible that the greater part of men can furiously oppose God; and hence also arises a doubt if it be the heavenly truth of God which is rejected without bringing punishment; for it can hardly be believed that God addresses men for the purpose of exciting their scorn. It is requisite that we have ears to hear, and eyes to see - not ears stopped, and eyes daubed up as these had; (2.) Sin is often represented as a painful, loathsome malady, and forgiveness as restoration from such a malady; Isaiah 30:26; Psalm 41:3-4; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Jeremiah 3:22; Jeremiah 17:14. “Make the heart of this people fat,” etc. As with all scripture, this oft-cited prophesy of messianic expectations has been used to paint a picture for Christ’s reign at times detached from the message of the text itself. Isaiah 20 Isaiah 22 Isaiah 21:6-10 New King James Version (NKJV) 6 For thus has the Lord said to me: “Go, set a watchman, Let him declare what he sees.” 7 And he saw a chariot with a pair of horsemen, A chariot of donkeys, and a chariot of camels, And he listened earnestly with great care. That we turn to the Lord by true repentance, and then we are sure of healing, which is by pardon of sin, and power against it. Be healed of sin, which is the disease of the soul, by remission and sanctification, and of all the deadly effects of sin. He says it means closing up the eyes, so that one cannot see; that the root is שוע shava, by which word the Targum has rendered the word טח tach, Leviticus 14:42, בית את וטח vetach eth beith, "and shall plaster the house." This is confirmed by the words in which his commission is expressed, and the substance of the message. I.A.1. Pelus 2. ep. "return" In the OT this term (BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal PERFECT with waw) means "a change of action." Make the heart of this people fat "Gross" - The prophet speaks of the event, the fact as it would actually happen, not of God's purpose and act by his ministry. The ten revolted tribes, not worth the naming. To hear, and not understand; to see, and not perceive; is a common saying in many languages. . Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. From the divine viewpoint, God had raised Pharaoh up to demonstrate His sovereignty and power in liberating the Israelites. They have forsaken Yahweh. ", "They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and (as the judicial and righteous retribution) shall be turned unto fables.". Therefore, says he, they could not believe, because Isaiah said, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart. (St. Thomas Aquinas, [Summa Theologiae] 1. q. xxiv. It is from the heart that corruption flows into the ears and eyes (Mark 7:21-22); but through the eye and ears healing reaches the heart (Romans 10:17) (Bengel). Not only does it give great offense, but Satan powerfully excites his followers to raise a dislike of instruction on the pretense of its being not merely useless, but even injurious; that it renders men more obstinate, and leads to their destruction. Gordon Churchyard. Commentary on Isaiah 10:20-34 (Read Isaiah 10:20-34) By our afflictions we may learn not to make creatures our confidence. Isaiah 63:10. Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Zechariah 7:11; Acts 7:57; 2 Timothy 4:4 "They shall turn away their ears from the truth, and (as the judicial and righteous retribution) shall be turned unto fables." Here Isaiah is directed to cause results which will doubtless take place, but are not necessary effects of his action. Isaiah: New *Heavens and a New Earth. 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